On February 6, 2007, the Bush Administration announced the creation of a new U.S. Africa Command to coordinate all U.S. military and security interests throughout the continent. The new command began operating October 1, 2007 from a base in Germany and will be gradually brought to full capacity during the next year. The following items published in recent years discuss many of the challenges facing Africa and the new Africa Command. Other books and journals located in the Ike Skelton Library collection facilitate the understanding of many issues facing Africa including terrorism, economic assistance, governance, democratization, and social conditions.
JQ 2945 .A58 E23 2006
Bekoe, Dorina A.O. East Africa and the Horn: Confronting Challenges to Good Governance. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2006.
HC 800 .M337 2007
Berg, Andrew, et al. The Macroeconomics of Scaling up Aid: Lessons from Recent Experience. Washington: International Monetary Fund, 2007.
UA 855 .B477 2007
Berschinski, Robert G. AFRICOM’s Dilemma: The "Global War on Terrorism," "Capacity Building," Humanitarianism, and the Future of U.S. Security Policy in Africa. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, 2007.
HC 800 .C245 2006
Calderisi, Robert. The Trouble with Africa: Why Foreign Aid Isn’t Working.
New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
DT 30.5 .U7 C529 2007
Political Warfare in Sub-Saharan Africa: U.S. Capabilities and Chinese Operations in Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2007.
DT 353.5 .U6 C67 2007
Copson, Raymond W. The United States in Africa: Bush Policy and Beyond. London: Zed Books, 2007.
HV 6433 .A35 A34 2007
Davis, John. Africa and the War on Terrorism. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007.
HV 6433 .A357 D5 2006
Dempsey, Thomas A. Counterterrorism in African Failed States: Challenges and Potential Solutions. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2006.
HD 9577 .A2 G43 2007
Ghazvinian, John H. Untapped: The Scramble for Africa’s Oil. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 2007.
DT 30.5 .U536 2007
Gordon, April A., and Donald L. Gordon. Understanding Contemporary Africa. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2007.
JQ 1875 .A55 C6378 2004
Guest, Robert. The Shackled Continent: Power, Corruption, and African Lives. Washington: Smithsonian Books, 2004.
DT 352.8 .H86 2006
Hunter-Gault, Charlayne. New News Out of Africa: Uncovering Africa’s Renaissance. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
DT 157.672 .I94 2006
Iyob, Ruth, and Gilbert M. Khadiagala. Sudan: The Elusive Quest for Peace. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2006.
REF UA 15 .A1 A353
Jane’s Sentinel: Country Risk Assessments: Central Africa. Alexandria, VA: Jane’s Information Group, 2007.
REF UA 15 .A1 A357
Jane’s Sentinel: Country Risk Assessments: North Africa. Alexandria, VA: Jane’s Information Group, 2007.
REF UA 15 .A1 A358
Jane’s Sentinel: Country Risk Assessments: Southern Africa. Alexandria, VA: Jane’s Information Group, 2007.
REF UA 15 .A1 A485
Jane’s Sentinel: Country Risk Assessments: West Africa. Alexandria, VA: Jane’s Information Group, 2007.
DT 159.6 .D27 P78 2007
Prunier, Gerard. Darfur: The Ambiguous Genocide. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2007.
HV 6433 .A3553 C65 2005
Rotberg, Robert I. Battling Terrorism in the Horn of Africa. Cambridge, MA: World Peace Foundation, 2005.
DT 38.7 .A3835 2006
Rothchild, Donald S., and Edmond J. Keller. Africa-U.S. Relations: Strategic Encounters. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2006.
HV 6433 .A35 A36 2007
Sage, Andre Le. African Counterterrorism Cooperation: Assessing Regional and Subregional Initiatives. Washington: National Defense University, 2007.
REF UB 251 .U5 U27 2006
U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook. Washington, 2006.
HV 6433 .A3553 U758 2006
U.S. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights, and International Operations. Somalia: Expanding Crisis in the Horn of Africa. Joint Hearing…109th Congress, 2nd Session, 2006. Washington: GPO, 2006.
HC 800 .Z9 U5 2005
U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. The Commission for Africa: Recommendations for a Coherent Strategy for Africa. Hearing…109th Congress, 1st Session. Washington: GPO, 2005.
HV 6433 .A35 A68 2007
U.S. Military Academy. Combating Terrorism Center. Al-Qaida’s (Mis) Adventures in the Horn of Africa. West Point, NY: 2006.
JQ 1875 .F38 2005
Villalon, Leonardo A., and Peter VonDoepp. The Fate of Africa’s Democratic Experiments: Elites and Institutions. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2005.
All periodicals cited below are located in the Ike Skelton Library. Many can also be accessed in full-text via Academic OneFile, EBSCOhost, Jane’s Online, LexisNexis Academic, and ProQuest databases.
"AFRICOM: Positioning the HQ Will Be Everything." Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy, vol. 35, no. 2, 2007, p. 20 +.
"Agent of Change: Admiral Harry Ulrich Is Moving Naval Forces Europe into Western Africa: Interview." Sea Power, vol. 49, no. 12, Dec. 2006, pp. 36-38.
Boland, Rita. "Breaking Boundaries—The Transition from U.S. Central Command to U.S. Africa Command." Signal, vol. 62, no. 2, Oct. 2007, p. 52.
Burgess, Richard R. "Staff for All Seasons." Sea Power, vol. 50, no. 4, April 2007, pp. 65-66 +.
Campbell, John E. "Sub-Saharan Africa and the Unified Command Plan." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 29, Autumn-Winter 2001-2002, pp. 72-75.
Catoire, Richard G. "A CINC for Sub-Saharan Africa? Rethinking the Unified Command Plan." Parameters, vol. 30, no. 4, Winter 2000-2001, pp. 102-117.
Chaveas, Peter. "A Renewed Interest: US-Africa Engagement." Harvard International Review, vol. 29, no. 2, Summer 2007, pp. 58-62.
Copley, Gregory R. "US Tries to Create Africa Command Before Mid-Term Elections." Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy, vol. 34, no. 9, 2006, p. 12.
"DoD Opens New Africa Center in Ethiopia." Air Force Magazine, vol. 89, no. 12, Dec. 2006, p. 19.
Galvin, Thomas P. "The Changing face of Europe and Africa." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 45, April 2007, pp. 52-57.
"Gates Announces New Command." Army, vol. 57, no. 3, Mar. 2007, p. 10.
Glaros, Gregory. "The New Africa Command: A Hedge Against Neocolonialism or a True Agent of Change?" Signal, vol. 62, no. 1, Sept. 2007, p. 120.
Greenhill, Jim. "The Guard Looks to Africa." Soldiers, vol. 62, no. 9, Sept. 2007, pp. 18-19.
Grier, Luann. "Africa: Tomorrow’s Strategic Challenge." Marine Corps Gazette,vol. 89, no. 9, Sept. 2005, pp. 58-60.
Hammick, Denise. "NATO and US Court Africa in the Interests of Security."
Jane’s Navy International, vol. 112, no. 4, May 2007, pp. 16-21.
Jones, James L. "The Growing Strategic Importance of Africa for NATO and the United States." Hampton Roads International Security Quarterly: HRISQ, vol. 6, no. 1, 2006, pp. 25-39.
Lubold, Gordon. "Africa Command? Time Might Be Right for Its Creation, Some Say." Armed Forces Journal, vol. 142, no. 5, Dec. 2004, pp. 12-13.
Magnuson, Stew. "Battleground Africa: U.S. Military Seeks to Quash Terrorism Before It Takes Root." National Defense, vol. 91, no. 640, Mar. 2007, pp. 36-41.
McFate, Sean. "Briefing: US Africa Command: Next Step or Next Stumble?" African Affairs, vol. 107, no. 426, Jan. 2008, pp. 111-120.
Mills, Greg, and Jeffrey Herbst. "Africa, Terrorism and AFRICOM." RUSI Journal, vol. 152, no. 2, Apr. 2007, pp. 40-44.
Oppenheimer, Nicky. "Why Africa Will Succeed." RUSI, vol. 152, no. 4, Aug. 2007, pp. 52-55.
Patterson, Pat. "Into Africa: A New Frontier in the War on Terror." Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, vol. 132, no. 5, May 2006, pp. 32-36.
----------. "Taking Africa Seriously." Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, vol. 133, no. 10, Oct. 2007, pp. 36-41.
Pessin, Al. "The United States Creates Military Command for Africa." DISAM, vol. 29, no. 3, July 2007, pp. 84-85.
Pham, J. Peter. "Next Front? Evolving United States-African Strategic Relations in the ‘War on Terrorism’ and Beyond." Comparative Strategy, vol. 26, no. 1, Jan./Feb. 2007, pp. 39-54.
"President Picks First Africa Command Head." National Guard, vol. 61, no. 8, Aug. 2007, pp. 35-36.
Rombough, Matthew. "Post-Colonial African Challenges for Peace and Security: The Future of African Military Forces." RUSI, vol. 152, no. 4, Aug. 2007, pp. 64-67.
Smith, Adam M. "At Last unto the Breach: The Logic of a U.S. Military Command in West Africa." Orbis, vol. 48, no. 2, Spring 2004, pp. 305-319.
Thompson, Dennis C. "Preparing for Africa." Marine Corps Gazette, vol. 90, no. 3, Mar. 2006, pp. 47-50.
Tiron, Roxanna. "Focus on Africa: U.S. Navy to Be Key Tool as New Command Defines Its Role on the Continent." Sea Power, vol. 50, no. 12, Dec. 2007, pp. 20-21.
"Unified Command." Air Force Magazine, vol. 90, no. 4, Apr. 2007, p. 19.
Williams, Paul D. "Thinking About Security in Africa." International Affairs, vol. 83, no. 6, Nov. 2007, pp. 1021-1038.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.africaaction.org/
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.africadaily.com/
Online. Jan. 2, 2008. http://www.africaintelligence.com
African Governments on the WWW.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.gksoft.com/govt/en/africa.html
African Studies Center. University of Pennsylvania.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Home_Page/Country.html
Berrigan, Frida. "The New Military Frontier: Africa." Foreign Policy in Focus.Sept. 18, 2007.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/4561
Carafano, James Jay, and Nile Gardiner. U.S. Military Assistance for Africa: A Better Solution. Oct. 15, 2003.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.heritage.org/Research/Africa/bg1697.cfm
Crawley, Vince. U.S. Creating New Africa Command to Coordinate Military Efforts.Feb. 6, 2007.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.africom.mil/getArticle.asp?art=1484&lang=0
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.defenselink.mil
For latest information, type Africa Command in search box.
Fisher-Thompson, Jim. New Africa Command to Have Unique Structure, Mission. June 22, 2007.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.america.gov/st/peacesec-english/2007/June/200706221700271EJrehsiF0.4897272.html
Garamone, Jim. "Craddock Discusses Africa, European Command Changes."
American Forces Press Service. Mar. 2, 2007.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=3244
Gribbon, Robert E. "Implementing AFRICOM." American Diplomacy.
Online. Mar 19, 2008. http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2008/0103/grib/gribbin_africom.html
Hanson, Stephanie. The Pentagon’s New Africa Command. May 3, 2007.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.cfr.org/publication/13255/pentagons_new_africa_command.html
MERLN. Regional Policy Overview: Africa.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=244&pageID=3&type=section
Mills, Greg, et al. AFRICOM and African Security: The Globalisation of Security or the Militarisation of Globalisation? July 26, 2007.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.aei.org/docLib/20070726_WhatAfricomMeansforAfrica.pdf [PDF]
Moran, Michael. The New ‘African Command.’ Council on Foreign Relations, Feb. 9, 2007.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.cfr.org/publication/12583/new_african_command.html?
More Than Humanitarianism: A Strategic U.S. Approach Toward Africa. Report of a Independent Task Force. Council on Foreign Relations, 2005.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/051204_africa_tf_report.pdf
"Morocco Bids to Host Base for New U.S. Africa Command." Feb. 9, 2007.
Online. Jan.10, 2008. http://www.worldtribune.com/worldtribune/07/front2454140.3076388887.html
National Defense University. Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.africacenter.org
Northam, Jackie. "Pentagon Creates Military Command for Africa." National Public Radio. Feb. 7, 2007.
Online. Jan. 9, 2008. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7234997
Pessin, Al. "African Officials Express Concerns About US Africa Command Plan." Voice of America. Apr. 23, 2007. Online. Jan. 10, 2008.
----------. "Bush Nominates First Military Commander for Africa."
Voice of America. July 10, 2007.
Online. Jan. 8, 2008. http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2007-07/2007-07-10-voa61.cfm
----------. "New US Africa Command Not for Combat, Says Defense Official."Voice of America. June 21, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2007/06/mil-070621-voa03.htm
----------. "US Creates Military Command for Africa." Voice of America. Feb. 6, 2007. Online. Jan. 10, 2008.
Available at: http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2007-02/2007-02-06-voa31.cfm
(Excerpt in DISAM Journal, vol. 29, no. 3, July 2007, pp. 84-85)
Pham, J. Peter. "The Africa Command Rises--Finally." National Interest Online. Feb. 7, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.nationalinterest.org/Article.aspx?id=13564
----------. " Strategic Interests: Getting AFRICOM Right." World Defense Review. News, Commentary & Analysis, Feb. 15, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://worlddefensereview.com/pham021507.shtml
Phillips, Joan T. Africa. Special Bibliography No. 159, Supplement No. 38. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center, 2006.
Online.Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/africa06/afr01.htm#gi
----------. Africa Command. Bibliography. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/africacommand.htm
Ploch, Lauren. Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa. (CRS Report RL 34003) Washington, 2007.
Online. Jan. 7, 2008. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL34003.pdf
----------. AFRICOM: The U.S. Military Consolidates Its Efforts in Africa.
June 14, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://forums.csis.org/africa/?p=39
Puglisi, Matthew, at al. Geographic Bureaucracies and National Security: The Need for a Common Interagency Regional Framework. Aug. 28, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2007/0709/pugl/puglisi_geographic.html
Schaefer, Brett D. Creating an Africa Command: Bush Administration Makes the Right Call. Feb. 7, 2007. Heritage Foundation, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2007/02/creating-an-africa-command-bush-administration-makes-the-right-call
Scheinmann, Gabe. AFRICOM: A New American Military Command. July 10, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.ciaonet.org/pbei/winep/0002207/index.html
Sieber, Otto. "Africa Command: Forecast for the Future." Strategic Insights, vol. 6, no. 1, Jan. 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/si/2007/Jan/sieberJan07.asp
Tate, Deborah. US Officials Brief Congress on New Military Command for Africa. Voice of America. Aug. 1, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2007/08/mil-070801-voa03.htm
U.S. Africa Command.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.africom.mil
U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Exploring the U.S. Africa Command and a New Strategic Relationship with Africa. Hearing…110th Congress, 1st Session, 2007.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.senate.gov/~foreign/hearings/2007/hrg070801a.html
U.S. Dept. of State. Bureau of African Affairs.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.state.gov/p/af/
U.S. President. President Bush Creates a Department of Defense Unified Combatant Command for Africa. Washington: White House, Feb. 6, 2007.
Online.Jan. 10, 2008. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2007/02/20070206-3.html
U.S. White House. U.S. Africa Policy.
Online. Jan. 10, 2008. http://www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/africa/
Journeys into Islamic Africa. Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 2006.
(Travels around the continent to inquire into Islamic history and the Muslim way of life.)
The Shores of Africa. Princeton, NJ: Films Media Group, 2007.
(The two-part series provide an economic, political, and cultural portrait of African life, focusing on the countries located along the eastern and western shores.)
Aho, John A. Stabilization of Africa Through Military Power. Carlisle Barracks, PA:
Army War College, 2005.
Baker, Anthony. The Proper Role of Special Operations Forces in the Pan Sahel Region of Africa. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 2006.
Brown, Charles M. U.S. National Security Interests in Africa and the Future Global War on Terrorism (GWOT): A Proposal to Create an African Regional Combatant Command and a Regional African Special Operations Command. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.
Cale, Paul P. African Command—The Newest Combatant Command. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 2005.
Catoire, Richard G. A CINC for Africa: Is It Time to Rethink the Unified Command Plan? Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 1999.
Choate, Mary Jo. Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Initiative: Balance of Power? Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 2007.
Elrich, John E. Utilizing the Elements of National Power to Predict Ungoverned Space. Fort Leavenworth, KS: School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2007.
Gibbs, Richard W. AFRICOM: A Unique Opportunity to Reshape Civil/Military Relationships. Newport, RI: Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2007.
Goodspeed, Michael J. Stealing Thunder: African Security Sector Reform, the Military’s New Challenge. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 2007.
Jefferson, Charlene D. The Bush African Policy: Fighting the Global War on Terrorism. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 2006.
Kane, Gregory C. The Strategic Competition for the Continent of Africa. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 2006.
Malatesta, Daniel P. Africa Command: An Interagency Solution and SOF’s Role. Newport, RI: Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2006.
McCarthy, Sean. Exercises and Training: The Key to Developing Security Cooperation Under the New U.S. Africa Command. Newport, RI: Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2007.
Piacenti, Chad E. Africa Command: Building a Foundation of Operational Interagency Cooperation. Newport, RI: Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2007.
Sasser, William E., Jr. AFRICOM: The U.S. Navy’s Emergent Missions and Capability Gaps. Newport, RI: Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2007.
Sholley, Hans. U.S. Africa Command: Shaping Africa for the Future. Newport, RI: Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2006.
Whitsitt, William C. U.S. Africa Command: An Opportunity for Effective Interagency Cooperation. Newport, RI: Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2007.
Yim, Eugene. In Search of a Unified Command for Africa. Newport, RI: Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2004.
ADDITIONAL LIBRARY RESOURCES
The Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy Times newspapers publish articles about the Africa Command and issues facing the continent of Africa.
ADDITIONAL ELECTRONIC RESOURCES
CIAO Columbia International Affairs Online
Full-text international affairs documents, conference proceedings, working papers, etc.
Abstracts and indexes full text articles available from military publications and congressional testimonies.
Full text news/analysis and Sentinel Country Risks Assessments of Central, North, Southern, and West Africa.
Collection of full text news resources from major U.S. and world publications, news wire services, and radio and television transcripts.
Instant access to newspapers from Algeria, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.
Abstracts and indexes full text journals and newspaper articles.
Full text unclassified documents added to DTIC’s collection and indexes to the SCAMPI and AULIMP periodical databases.
Prepared Reference Librarian
Last Updated: 09 December 2010