BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS
D 798 .H4
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. A History of Field Press Censorship
in SHAEF: World War II. Paramus, NJ: 201st Field Press Censorship
P 96 .A752 A5 1995
Aukofer, Frank and William P. Lawrence. America’s Team, the Odd Couple: A
Report on the Relationship Between the Media and the Military. Nashville,
TN: Freedom Forum First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University, 1995.
DS 79.739 .B377 1998
Baroody, Judith Raine. Media Access and the Military: The Case of the Gulf
War. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1998.
DS 79.739 .T35 1994
Bennett, W. Lance and David L. Paletz. Taken by Storm: The Media, Public
Opinion, and U.S. Foreign Policy in the Gulf War. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 1994.
DS 557.8 .T4 B8
Braestrup, Peter. Big Story: How the American Press and Television Reported
and Interpreted the Crisis of Tet 1968 in Vietnam and Washington. Boulder,
CO: Westview Press, 1977.
UH 713 .C69 1949
Collins, Joseph Lawton. Public Opinion and Military Planners.
Washington: Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 1949.
P 96 .A752 U54 1996
Combelles-Siegel, Pascale. The Troubled Path to the Pentagon’s Rules on
Media Access to the Battlefield: Grenada to Today. Carlisle Barracks, PA:
Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 1996.
UH 703 .C66 1993
Conner, Judson. Meeting the Press: A Media Survival Guide for the Defense
Manager. Washington: National Defense University, 1993.
DS 79.739 .M44 1993
Denton, Robert E., Jr. The Media and the Persian Gulf War. Westport,
CT: Praeger, 1993.
P 96 .A75 E678 1992
Epstein, Lawrence S. The Military, the Press and the Gulf War.
Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 1992.
P 96 .A75 F45 1993
Felman, Marc D. The Military/Media Clash and the New Principle of War: Media
Spin. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 1993.
PN 4784 .W37 R46 2003
Ferrari, Michelle. Reporting America at War: An Oral History. New
York: Hyperion, 2003.
DS 559.46 .H2
Hammond, William M. Public Affairs: The Military and the Media, 1962-1968.
Washington: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1988.
DS 559.46 .H37 1995
----------. Public Affairs: The Military and the Media, 1968-1973.
Washington: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1996.
DS 559.46 .H38 1998
----------. Reporting Vietnam: Media and Military at War. Lawrence,
KS: University Press of Kansas, 1998.
PN 4784 .T45 M38 2003
Hess, Stephen and Marvin L. Kalb. The Media and the War on Terrorism.
Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2003.
P 96 .A752 J6 1994
Johnson, Douglas V. The Impact of the Media on National Security Policy
Decision Making. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, Army
War College, 1994.
DS 79.76 .K38 2003
Katovsky, Bill and Timothy Carlson. Embedded: The Media at
War in Iraq. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2003.
P 96 .A752 K6 1994
Kellett-Forsyth, Susan P. The Media and the Operational
Commander: A Shotgun Marriage? Fort Leavenworth, KS: School of Advanced
Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 1994.
P 96 .A752 U65 1993
Kennedy, William V. The Military and the Media: Why the Press
Cannot Be Trusted to Cover a War. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993.
P 96 .A752 U5
Matthews, Lloyd J. Newsmen & National
Conflict Inevitable? Washington: Brassey’s, 1991.
P 96 .A752 M98 2003
Mitchell-Musumarra, Mary Jane. Public Theater: The Role of
Media Coverage in Meeting Operational Objectives. Newport, RI: Naval War
P 96 .A752 N3 1993
Neumann, Julie K. Military-Media Relations: Finding a
Solution Acceptable to All. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 1993.
P 96 .A752 O8 1993
Oram, Stephanie S. Telling the Story: Impact of
Military-Media Relations on the Operational Commander. Newport, RI: Naval
War College, 1993.
P 96 .A752 P5 1993
Pingley, Randall L. Military/Media Relationship in Future
Conflict. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 1993.
P 96 .A75 R52 1993
Ricks, Charles W. The Military-News Media Relationship:
Thinking Forward. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, Army
War College, 1993.
P 96 .W36 S34 2003
Schechter, Danny. Media Wars: News at a Time of Terror.
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.
P 96 .A752 .S3 1992
Schoenfeld, Michael W. Military and the Media: Resolving the
Conflict. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 1992.
DS 79.72 .S5 1993
Shultz, Ronald L. Combat Media Coverage Principles: Doomed to
Failure. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 1993.
DS 557 .A6 .S55
Skinner, Benjamin B. The Impact of the Press on Modern War:
Issue Vietnam. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University, Air War College, 1970.
DS 79.739 .M43 1992
Smith, Hedrick. The Media and the Gulf War. Washington:
Seven Locks Press, 1992.
PN 4888 .T4 S74
Smith, Perry McCoy. How CNN Fought the War: A View from the
Inside. New York: Carol Pub. Group, 1991.
E 885 .S82 1997
Strobel, Warren P. Late-Breaking Foreign Policy: The News
Media’s Influence on Peace Operations. Washington: U.S. Institute of Peace
D 799 .U6 S834 2001
Sweeney, Michael S. Secrets of Victory: The Office of
Censorship and the American Press and Radio in World War II. Chapel Hill,
NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
DS 79.72 .T39 1992
Taylor, Philip M. War and the Media: Propaganda and
Persuasion in the Gulf War. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press,
PN 4888 .T4 D44 1991
Thompson, Loren B. Defense Beat: The Dilemmas of Defense
Coverage. New York: Lexington Books, 1991.
JX 1981 .P7 T7 1995
Trainor, Bernard E. Military Perspectives on Humanitarian
Intervention and Military-Media Relations. Berkeley, CA: Departments of
Military Education, International and Area Studies, University of California
DS 79.739 .U7 1991
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental
Affairs. Pentagon Rules on Media Access to the Persian Gulf War. Hearing…102nd
Congress, 1st Session. Washington: GPO, Feb. 20, 1991.
UH 703 .U52 1984
United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Media-Military Relations
Panel. Report/CJCS Media-Military Relations Panel (Sidle Panel).
Washington: Dept. of Defense, Office of Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public
F 1567 .U95 v. 1
United States. Southern Command. "Operation Just
Cause": Public Affairs After Action Report. Quarry Heights, Panama: The
P 96 .A752 W5 1993
Willis, Simon V. L. The Military and the Media: The Media and
the Third Army Under Patton and Yeosock. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War
Belknap, Margaret H. "The CNN Effect: Strategic Enabler
Operational Risk?" Parameters, vol. 32, no. 3, Autumn 2002, pp.
100-114. Bergmeister, Francis X. "Embracing the Embedded
Press." Marine Corps Gazette, vol. 87, no. 6, June 2003, p. 45.
Bliss, Jeffrey C. "The Press Goes to War." Hoover
Digest, no. 3, 2002, pp. 44-54.
Bridges, Richard M. "Maintaining Impartiality in War
Reporting: Imperative or Impossible?" Army, vol. 53, no. 7, July
2003, pp. 12-13.
Bruner, Gary P. "Battlefield: The Military vs. the
Media." INSCOM Journal, vol. 22, no. 2, Apr./June 1999, pp. 24-29.
Davis, Andrew B. "Marine Corps and Navy Prepare Journalists
for War." Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, vol.
129, no. 2, Feb. 2003, pp. 76-77.
Edwards, P. "The Military-Media Relationship--a Time to
Redress the Balance?" RUSI Journal, vol. 143, no. 5, Oct. 1998, pp.
Eyal, Jonathan. "The Media and the Military: Continuing
Dialogue After Kosovo." RUSI Journal, vol. 145, no. 2, Apr. 2000,
Hershey, Andrew H. "Embedded Reports: An Early View." Marine
Corps Gazette, vol. 87, no. 6, June 2003, pp. 44-45.
Holm, Jason D. "Get over It! Repairing the Military’s
Adversarial Relationship with the Press." Military Review, vol. 82,
no. 1, Jan/Feb. 2002, pp. 59-65.
Jakobsen, Peter Viggo. "Focus on the CNN Effect Misses the
Point: The Real Media Impact on Conflict Management is Invisible and
Indirect." Journal of Peace Research, vol. 37, no. 2, Mar. 2000, pp.
Jukes, Stephen. "Real-Time Responsibility: Journalism’s
Challenges in an Instantaneous Age." Harvard International Review,
vol. 24, no. 2, Summer 2002, pp. 14-18.
Miracle, Tammy L. "The Army and Embedded Media." Military
Review, vol. 83, no. 5, Sept./Oct. 2003, pp. 41-45.
Porch, Douglas. "No Bad Stories." Naval War College
Review, vol. 55, no. 1, Winter 2002, pp. 85-107.
Pounder, Gary. "Opportunity Lost: Public Affairs,
Information Operations, and the Air War Against Serbia." Aerospace Power
Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, Summer 2000, pp. 56-77.
Rather, Dan. "Truth on the Battlefield: Between News and
the National Interest." Harvard International Review, vol. 23, no.
1, Spring 2001, pp. 66-71.
Seamon, Richard. "Pentagon Versus the Media: Still at
War?" Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, vol. 127,
no. 12, Dec. 2001, p. 52.
Seith, Philip. "Effects of Real-Time News Coverage and
Foreign Policy." Journal of Conflict Studies, vol. 20, no. 2, Fall 2000, pp.
Shacochis, Bob. "Pens and Swords: A Positive Dynamic for
the US Media and Military." Harvard International Review, vol. 22,
no. 1, Winter/Spring 2000, pp. 26-30.
Venable, Barry E. "The Army and the Media." Military
Review, vol. 82, no. 1, Jan./Feb. 2002, pp. 66-71.
Wiegand, Krista E. "The Elite Media and the
Military-Civilian Culture Gap." Armed Forces & Society, vol. 27, no. 2, Winter 2001, pp.
Wiley, Barry E. "The Military-Media Connection: For Better
or For Worse." Military Review, vol. 78, no. 6, Dec./Jan./Feb. 1998/1999,
Williams, Rob. "Public Affairs." Center for Army
Lessons Learned Newsletter, no. 00-6, Mar. 2000, pp. 36-42.
Woodring, Marcus E. "Build Trust with the Media." Proceedings
of the United States Naval Institute, vol. 127, no. 12, Dec. 2001, pp.
AVFL-29 #25 (Videorecording)
Kraft, Scott. Luncheon Presentation: Media and the Military.
[S.1.]: USMC, 1997.
The Press and the Pentagon. Washington: Center for Defense
Uneasy Partners: The Press and the Military.
A&E Television Networks, 1996.
Dept. of Defense Directive 5122.5. Assistant Secretary of
Defense for Public Affairs (ASD(PA)). Sept. 27, 2000.
Dept. of Defense Directive 5230.9. Clearance of DoD
Information for Public Release. Apr. 9, 1996.
Dept. of Defense Directive 5230.16. Nuclear Accident and
Incident Public Affairs (PA) Guidance. Dec. 20, 1993.
Dept. of Defense Directive 5400.13. Joint Public Affairs
Operations. Jan. 9, 1996.
Dept. of Defense Directive 5410.14. Cooperation with U.S.
News Media Representatives at the Scene of Military Accidents Occurring Outside
Military Installations. Oct. 25, 1963.
Dept. of Defense Directive 5410.18. Public Affairs Community
Relations Policy. Nov. 20, 2001.
Dept. of Defense Instruction 5400.14. Procedures for Joint
Public Affairs Operations. Jan. 22, 1996.
Dept. of Defense Instruction 5410.19. Public Affairs
Community Relations Policy Implementation. Nov. 13, 2001.
Joint Pub 3-57.1. Joint Doctrine for Civil Affairs. Feb.
Joint Pub 3-61. Doctrine for Public Affairs in Joint
Operations. May 14, 1997.
Air University. Air War College Gateway to Internet Resources.
Leadership, Ethics, & Command Central. Public Affairs & Media
Relations. Online. April 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/awcmedia.htm
Ausiello, David C. Operational Commanders: Its Time to Take
Command…of the Media. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 2003. Online.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414636
Bushell, Andrew and Brent Cunningham. "Being There:
Suddenly the Pentagon Grants Access to the Action, but the Devil’s in the
Details." Columbia Journalism Review. May/June 2003. Online. Apr. 9,
Available at: http://www.cjr.org/year/03/2/embed.asp
Campagna, Joel. "Media Concerns About Covering the
War." Boston Globe. Mar. 19, 2003. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at Committee to Protect Journalists Web site.: http://www.cpj.org/op_ed/Campagna19mar03.html
Clarke, Victoria. "Pentagon and Press. Striking the
Balance: Government’s Need Versus Those of the Media." Columbia
Journalism Review. May/June 2003. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.cjr.org/year/02/5/clarke.asp
Cooper, Ann. "Journalists in Iraq: From ‘Embeds’ to
Targets." Seattle Times. Feb. 9, 2004. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at Committee to Protect Journalists Web site: http://www.cpj.org/op_ed/Cooper09feb04.html
Craig, Adriane B. The Role of Public Affairs in the
Military-Media Relationship. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH: Air Force Institute
of Technology, 2000.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA379993
Curtin, Joseph G. Strategic Leaders: It’s Time to Meet the
Press. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 2002.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404515
Flores, Jesse J. Military-Media Relationships: Analyzing U.S.
Navy Officers’ Attitudes Towards the News Media. Monterey, CA: Naval
Postgraduate School, 2003.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420429
Getler, Michael. "Challenges: The Press and the
Pentagon." Columbia Journalism Review. May/June 2003. Online. Apr.
Available at: http://www.cjr.org/year/01/6/getler.asp
Gradel, Robert S. Seeking Every Advantage: The Impact of
Military Media Relations on the Operational Commander. Newport, RI: Naval
War College, 1998.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA348465
Greenway, H.D.S. "This Warring Century." Columbia
Journalism Review. Sept./Oct. 1999. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.cjr.org/year/99/5/war.asp
Hannon, Gregory M. The Media and the Military: An Historical
and Cultural Examination. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH: Air Force Institute of
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA354276
Hickey, Neil. "Access Denied: The Pentagon’s War
Reporting Rules Are the Toughest Ever." Columbia Journalism Review.
May/June 2003. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.cjr.org/year/02/1/hickey.asp
Kull, Steven. "Misperceptions, the Media and the Iraq
War." Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA). Oct. 2,
2003. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.pipa.org/OnlineReports/Iraq/Media_10_02_03_Report.pdf
Laurence, John. "Embedding: A Military View." Columbia
Journalism Review. May/June 2003. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.cjr.org/year/03/2/webspecial.asp
Mancini, Richard V. Should U.S. Joint Military Doctrine Give
the "Media" an Operational Function to Support the Operational
Commander? Newport, RI: Naval War College, 2002.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA405616
Massing, Michael. "War Coverage: Debriefings. What We Saw,
What We Learned." Columbia Journalism Review. May/June 1991. Online.
Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.cjr.org/year/91/3/debriefing.asp
McKenna, Sean S. Breaking News: A Study of the Effects of
Live Television News Coverage During Armed Conflicts. Wright-Patterson AFB,
OH: Air Force Institute of Technology, 2000.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA378737
Mordan, Jon. "Press Pools, Prior Restraint and the Persian
Gulf War." Air & Space Power Chronicles. June 6, 1999. Online.
Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/cc/mordan.html
O’Boyle, Thomas R. The War of the Tiger and the Elephant:
When the Military and the Media Collide. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University,
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA393931
Ross, Robert T. Truth and Deceit: Media Relations and
Military Deception. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 1998.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA348390
Simon, Joel. "Journalists are Owed Protection in
Wartime." Newsday. Mar. 31, 2003. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
the Committee to Protect Journalists web site. http://www.cpj.org/op_ed/Simon31mar03.html
Smith, Terrence. "The Pentagon and the Press." Online
NewsHour. Oct. 10, 2001. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/media/july-dec01/pentpress_10-10.html
Online NewsHour index "Pentagon and the Press" for additional articles.)
Snyder, John B. Seeing Through the Conflict: Military-Media
Relations. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College, 2003.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA413584
Stinnette, Murrell F. The Military and the Media in Combat:
Winning the Hearts and Minds of the American Public. Carlisle, Barracks, PA:
Army War College, 2000.
Available at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA376343
Taylor, Phillip. "Pentagon Unmuzzles Media." The
News Media & the Law. Winter, 2002. vol. 25, no. 1, p.11. Online. Apr.
Available at: http://www.rcfp.org/news/mag/26-1/new-pentagon.html
U.S. Department of Defense. "Principles of
Information." Defenselink. Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.defenselink.mil/admin/prininfo.pdf
U.S. Department of Defense. "Public Affairs Guidance (PAG)
on Embedding Media During Possible Future Operations/Deployments in the U.S.
Central Commands (CENTCOM) Area of Responsibility (AOR)." Defenselink.
Online. Apr. 9, 2004.
Available at: http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Feb2003/d20030228pag.pdf
Additional Electronic Databases
The Air Force Times, Army Times, Marine Corps Times and Navy
Times are additional sources of information for military-media relations. The
weekly papers are indexed in the Staff College Automated Military Periodicals
Index (SCAMPI) available on line at: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/scampi/
Also, be sure to search the following electronic databases,
available in the JFSC library for additional information on military-media
Abstracts and indexes full text articles available from
Collection of full text news resources from U.S. and
Abstracts and indexes full text journal and newspaper
Please see a librarian for assistance in searching the electronic
resources found in the library.
Prepared by Reference Librarian